By Hector M Patmore
The oracle opposed to the King of Tyre, present in Ezekiel 28.12-19, is a tough textual content that encouraged varied interpretations in past due Antiquity. for instance, based on one rabbinic culture the textual content observed the 1st guy, Adam, whereas the Church Fathers present in a similar textual content an outline of the autumn of devil. This e-book reports the rabbinic resources, patristic literature, the Targum, and the traditional translations, and seeks to appreciate the explanations for the various interpretation, the interplay among the exegetical traditions and the groups of interpreters, particularly among Jews and Christians, and the influence the explicit shape and wording of the textual content had at the formation and improvement of every interpretation.
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Extra info for Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre: The Interpretation of Ezekiel 28:11-19 in Late Antiquity
This interpretation relies on a typology in which Hiram, Sennacherib, Nebuchadnezzar, and Pharaoh (or Joash) are of a type, and all four serve as the anti-type of the heroes of Israel: Abraham, Moses, David, Daniel, etc. The interpretative traditions of the rabbis consider the lament over the king of Tyre (Ezek 28:11–19) and the preceding oracle (Ezek 28:2–10) as one continuous whole. ” (Ezek 28:17), or sometimes, “I brought forth fire from your midst, it consumed you” (Ezek 28:18). In other instances, particularly in the interpretative traditions concerning Adam, the interest is not on the overarching theme of the narrative, but on specific details; indeed the overarching story is stoutly ignored.
But the priority of the identification of the two figures also seems the most likely historical scenario. That we find the identification of Hiram with the figure of Ezekiel’s oracles already in Mekhilta de Rabbi Ishmael must be taken as an indicator of its antiquity. g. Yoma 74a; B. Bat. 124b), but underwent numerous redactions, beginning in the amoraic period, so that its origins are difficult to determine. 4 concerning the identification of Hirah with Hiram (see page 26 n. 30) also presupposes the identification of Hiram with the figure in Ezekiel 28, so identification of the two figures may date from as early as the second century, if the tannaitic attribution is assumed trustworthy.
4–6). 5), a state in which Satan is also initially created (as we will see). 2).
Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre: The Interpretation of Ezekiel 28:11-19 in Late Antiquity by Hector M Patmore